Stress causes our bodies to malfunction. Recent research indicates that high school students are most concerned about stress. Nearly 80% of people say they are stressed at work as well. Academic and professional life is likely to cause stress for people regardless of their age. Stress is expected, but how the body reacts to it can negatively impact one’s physical and mental health.
Within the human body, the stress response is initiated by the brain. The hypothalamus is the part of the brain that connects the nervous system with the organs that produce hormones. As a result of the excretion of a few hormones, our adrenal glands produce adrenaline and cortisol. In response to a stressful situation, the hypothalamus sends a distress signal.
Due to these two hormones, stress causes the body to undergo several changes.
How Does Stress Affect Us?
This condition can be caused by a variety of factors. If experienced over time, it harms health and well-being. The most common way stress affects health is obesity. Stressed people consume these foods to alleviate their symptoms, not surprising.
The body releases excess cortisol in response to stress. When this hormone is released, fat is stored, and energy is used. It may lead to increased cravings for sugary foods and an increased desire to eat. Also, according to recent studies, food is processed differently under stress. This phenomenon occurs when a neuropeptide called neuropeptide is released during times of stress. This causes fat to accumulate in the body. These three factors may increase your chances of being overweight, a health problem leading to heart problems.
Experiencing stress weakens the immune system.
Illnesses are more likely to occur when the immune system is compromised. Those who suffer from chronic stress of any duration have a weakened immune system in all aspects. There is compelling evidence that harmful levels of stress can ultimately lead to a decline in health.
According to the American Psychological Association, Sixty-six per cent of people experience physical symptoms of stress, and 63 per cent experience psychological symptoms of stress. Both physical and mental health are affected by stress. Stress has been linked to mental health in many studies, but the reason is still unclear.
A recent study conducted by the University of California has provided new insight into the effects of stress on mental health. Research shows that an individual with a stress disorder has a different white matter to gray matter ratio than an average person. White matter is more prevalent in some brain areas in people who suffer from stress. Pressure on the brain should be taken seriously by everyone.
What Does The Stress Response Do?
A stressor is created due to this process: an external stimulus that can be stressful. Every person has different stressors. The first might feel stressed and overwhelmed about an assignment due next week, while the second might not be as concerned. Even though stress is inevitable, we should keep stress levels under control due to the harmful effects on our physical and mental well-being.
There may be weak connections between different brain parts in people with stress disorders since their different brain matter ratios. Two examples are the hippocampal and prefrontal cortex. A weak connection between stress and reactions will make shutting them down more challenging. These changes, among others, may influence mental illness development.
The Short-Term Effects of Stress
When stress is highly stressful or traumatic, short-term stress can cause problems. Having vivid nightmares and having uncontrollable thoughts may be caused by the dream. According to researchers, trauma may disrupt the neurotransmitters and hormones involved in the normal stress response. In response to highly stressful events, the amygdala, the part of the brain that processes fear, becomes hyperactive, setting off false alarms. Other mental conditions like anxiety and difficulty concentrating can be triggered by short-term stress.
Bottom LineHumans experience stress regularly. Stress can be harmful to your physical and mental health if you experience it for an extended period. Physical health could range from obesity to heart attacks, and it could range from difficulty concentrating to depression for mental health. Psychologists suggest ways chronically stressed individuals can cope with their stress in response to this. For a more way of dealing with stress naturally, try marijuana seeds. Growing herbs in your yard, opting for regular walks with friends, and reducing negative self-talk are effective strategies.